Veins Guide

Veins Symptoms And Treatments Information

Woman showing healthy legs with no varicose veins

These are veins that protrude through the skin and have become tortuous. The term typically refers to the veins on the leg but varicosities can occur anywhere in the body. These are veins whose function has been compromised so they tend to become swollen, circuitous and sometimes painful. In most cases, the primary cause of the problem is the development of incompetent valves. As the term suggests, the valves no longer function properly, allowing the blood to backflow (retrograde flow) and accumulate. This pooling of the blood is responsible for the venous enlargement that is often visible on the skin’s surface. Aside from valvular problems, other causes of varicose veins include aging, weight gain, damage from surgery, having children, standing or sitting for prolonged periods and hormone fluctuation.

Varicose veins are easy to spot since they are enlarged and clearly visible. They usually produce symptoms like aching, ankle swelling, heavy legs, skin discoloration and sometimes pain. Skin ulcers may be present in severe cases.

Spider Veins

Spider veins, also known as telangiectasias or angioectasias, are small dilated blood vessels that range in color from red to purple or blue. Their diameter measures between 0.5 to 1 mm and they are often located close to the skin’s surface. They can develop anywhere in the body although they are commonly found on the face, upper thighs, legs and around the ankles. They are called spider veins because they appear like spider webs sprawled out on the surface of the skin.

Spider veins can cause symptoms similar to those of varicose veins. These include aching, heavy legs, itching and night cramps. Some patients experience pain that ranges from dull and thumping feeling to a burning sensation. The pain and discomfort is likely to come from larger vessels, but small blue vessels are known to cause pain as well. There are several factors that contribute to the development of spider veins, including heredity, weight gain, pregnancy, trauma, hormone fluctuations and activities that require prolonged periods of standing or sitting. Once spider veins become bothersome, they can be treated with laser, sclerotherapy or surgery. They can become much smaller or disappear completely.

Good Candidates for Vein surgery

Smooth vein free legs

If you have been chronically affected by vein problems or the problematic veins are causing pain and discomfort that is already affecting your daily activities, then you can be a good candidate for vein surgery. Other candidates are those whose conditions have not improved with conservative or non-surgical vein treatments.

The ideal candidates for vein surgery are adults over 18 years old. However, statistics show that the most common age group for vein surgery is 30 to 60. You must be in good health and in a good state of mind to be able to undergo vein surgery. Pregnant women or those who are still breast feeding are advised to wait until they have had their baby and done with breast feeding before having vein surgery.

Vein surgery is not recommended for patients:

  • whom surgery poses a high risk (elderly patients)
  • with poor arterial circulation in the legs
  • suffering from swelling or edema due to blockage of the lymph vessels
  • with skin infections
  • with blood-clotting problems
  • suffering from arteriovenous fistula (an abnormal passageway between an artery and a vein in the leg)

About is your most comprehensive, high-quality and trustworthy vein treatment resource on the web. If you are considering having the procedure and want more information so you can learn more about your options, our guide will:

  • Describe and differentiate varicose and spider veins
  • Discuss their causes and symptoms
  • Explain the different vein treatment techniques
  • Provide details on how vein surgery is performed
  • Identify good candidates for each technique
  • Explain potential side effects and complications
  • Discuss the cost of each technique, including the fees involved
  • Show before-and-after pictures so you can see actual results
  • Help you find a qualified medical practitioner
  • Provide tips and guidelines for a hassle-free recovery
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